Let’s look at how to play an F7 chord on the piano. We’ll also learn the pattern for building any other seventh chord.
What Are Seventh Chords?
Major chords are built using the first, third and fifth notes of the matching major scale (learn how to build a major scale here). So to convert a major chord into a seventh chord, we’ll add the seventh note of the matching major scale, lowered 1/2 step.
How to Play an F7 Chord
Then we’ll find the seventh note of the F major scale, E, and lower it 1/2 step to E♭.
So to play an F7 chord we’ll play: F – A – C – E♭
We can use this pattern to build any other seventh chord. First we can build a major chord, then we can add the seventh note of the matching major scale, lowered 1/2 step.
If this chord is played with the right hand, you can play it using fingers 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 (thumb’s are 1’s). If played with the left hand, you can use fingers 5 – 3 – 2 – 1.
Other Seventh Chords
Since there are different types of seventh chords, it can help to compare their differences:
So an F7 chord is: F – A – C – E♭
So an Fmaj7 chord is: F – A – C – E
So an Fm7 chord is: F – A♭ – C – E♭
Now you know how to build an F7 chord, and you can use this pattern to build any other seventh chord!
Seventh chords are more common at the piano, so it’s good to be familiar with how to build them when you see them.
And using chords is a great way to learn and enjoy the piano!