Labeling the Piano Keys
Let’s label the piano keys, so you can start building piano chords! Piano chords are a wonderful way to learn and enjoy the piano, and provide lots of room for personal expression and creativity.
On a piano or full-sized keyboard, there will be eighty-eight total keys, black and white.
The first white key all the way to the left will be an A. The white keys progress in alphabetical order, so next is B, C, D, E, F and G.
Once we reach G, the notes repeat themselves, and we start over again on an A. The names of the black keys depends on the key you are playing in (read more about that here).
The black keys come in sets of two and three all the way up the piano. We can think of them as positioning notes, or markers, to help us identify the location of the white keys.
For example, a C will always be just to the left of two black keys. E is just to the right of the two black keys. F is just to the left of the set of three black keys. B is just to the right of the set of three black keys.
Low Notes and High Notes
The notes on the left are low, and the notes on the right are high. The pitch of the notes moves up progressively, with the highest note on a full-sized keyboard being a C.
Other Keyboard Sizes
If you’re using a keyboard instead of a piano, you’ll want to find out what size keyboard you have. Some keyboards aren’t full-sized, so they don’t have all eighty-eight keys. The lowest and highest notes are missing, compared to a full-sized keyboard.
Some common sizes of keyboards are 76-key, 61-key, and 54-key keyboards, and the lowest notes for each keyboard are as follows:
76-key keyboard: Lowest note is E
61-key keyboard: Lowest note is C
54-key keyboard: Lowest note is C
Label Your Piano Keys
Now that you know the names of the white keys, you can take some time to practice them.
One way is to pick any white key at random and then identify it, and repeat. You can also practice finding all the C notes on your piano, and then practice finding all the D notes, and so on.
Now you know how to label your piano keys, and you can use that knowledge to help you build chords! Once you know how to build different types of chords, you can create chord progressions and play creatively, which is lots of fun!