How to Play Piano Chords in A Flat Minor

Minor Key Chords

Let’s find all the piano chords in the key of A flat minor. We can use these chords to create chord progressions and play creatively in that key!

How to Find Chords for the Key of A Flat Minor

To find the chords for the key of A flat minor, we’ll first need to build an A flat minor scale.

There are different kinds of minor scales, so we’ll start with an A flat natural minor scale.

Each natural minor scale has a relative major scale. This means these two scales use the same notes to build their scales, but start and end on different notes. Natural minor scales are built off the sixth note of their relative major scale.

A flat natural minor is relative to C flat major. Since these two scales use the same notes to build their scales, they also share the same chords, just in a different order.

Here’s an A flat natural minor scale:

A♭ – B♭ – C♭ – D♭ – E♭ – F♭ – G♭ – A♭

Now we’ll build a “1 – 3 – 5” chord off each note of the scale, using only the notes of the scale to build the chords.

We’ll start on A♭ and build a “1 – 3 – 5” chord, using the notes of the scale. When we do, we get: A♭ – C♭ – E♭

Then we’ll start on B♭ and build another “1 – 3 – 5” chord, using the notes of the scale. When we do, we get: B♭ – D♭ – F♭

Then we’ll start on C♭ and build another “1 – 3 – 5” chord, using the notes of the scale. When we do, we get: C♭ – E♭ – G♭

We can continue following this pattern, building a “1 – 3 – 5” chord off each note of the scale, and using only the notes of the scale to build the chords.

Piano Chords in the Key of A Flat Minor

Here are the chords for the key of A flat minor:

A♭ – C♭ – E♭ = A♭ minor chord

B♭ – D♭ – F♭ = B♭ diminished chord

C♭ – E♭ – G♭ = C♭ major chord

D♭ – F♭ – A♭ = D♭ minor chord

E♭ – G♭ – B♭ = E♭ minor chord

F♭ – A♭ – C♭ = F♭ major chord

G♭ – B♭ – D♭ = G♭ major chord

chords for minor keys piano chord charts pdf

Chords for Minor Keys Printable

Learn the chords for each minor key with this 39-page PDF! Chords are built with both the natural minor and harmonic minor scales.

How Do We Label the Chords?

You may be wondering how we know the difference between majorminor, and diminished chords. It all depends on the intervals used to build the chords (learn more about piano intervals here).

But to summarize, there are actually four types of “1 – 3 – 5” chords, or triads:

Major
Minor
Augmented
Diminished

Major chords are built with the first, third and fifth notes of the matching major scale.

Minor chords are built with the first, third and fifth notes of the matching major scale, but the middle note is lowered 1/2 step.

Augmented chords are built with the first, third and fifth notes of the matching major scale, but the third and fifth notes are raised 1/2 step.

Diminished chords are built with the first, third and fifth notes of the matching major scale, but the third and fifth notes are lowered 1/2 step.

When we build a “1 – 3 – 5” chord off each note of a natural minor scale, using only the notes of the scale to build the chords, we’ll always get these chord types in this order:

Minor
Diminished
Major
Minor
Minor
Major
Major

We can use this pattern to find the chords for other minor keys!

Primary Chords for A Flat Minor

Each minor key has three primary chords built off the first, fourth and fifth notes of the scale. Primary chords are used frequently in songs.

The primary chords for A flat minor are:

A♭ minor
D♭ minor
E♭ minor

Enharmonic Keys

Some keys are considered “enharmonic”. This means they use the same notes on the piano, but can go by two different names.

The key of A flat minor is enharmonic with G sharp minor, because these two keys use the same notes on the piano, but are labeled differently.

There are six total enharmonic minor keys:

A sharp minor and B flat minor
D sharp minor and E flat minor
G sharp minor and A flat minor

How to Find Chords for A Flat Minor Using the Harmonic Minor Scale

Now let’s find the chords for A flat minor using the harmonic minor scale.

Harmonic minor scales are similar to natural minor scales, except the seventh note is raised 1/2 step.

Here’s an A flat harmonic minor scale:

A♭ – B♭ – C♭ – D♭ – E♭ – F♭ – G – A♭

Now we’ll build a “1 – 3 – 5” chord off each note of the harmonic minor scale, using only the notes of the scale to build the chords as before.

Chords for A Flat Minor Using the Harmonic Minor Scale

Here are the chords for A flat minor using the harmonic minor scale:

A♭ – C♭ – E♭ = A♭ minor chord

B♭ – D♭ – F♭ = B♭ diminished chord

C♭ – E♭ – G = C♭ augmented chord

D♭ – F♭ – A♭ = D♭ minor chord

E♭ – G – B♭ = E♭ major chord

F♭ – A♭ – C♭ = F♭ major chord

G – B♭ – D♭ = G diminished chord

Labeling the Chords

When we build a “1 – 3 – 5” chord off each note of a harmonic minor scale, we’ll always get these chord types in this order:

Minor
Diminished
Augmented
Minor
Major
Major
Diminished

Primary Chords for A Flat Minor Using the Harmonic Minor Scale

The primary chords for A flat minor using the harmonic minor scale are:

A♭ minor
D♭ minor
E♭ major

When we use the harmonic minor scale instead of the natural minor scale to build the chords, the third primary chord becomes major instead of minor, creating some nice contrast.

Other Minor Key Chords

Here are posts teaching the chords for other minor keys:

A Minor Chords
E Minor Chords
B Minor Chords
F Sharp Minor Chords
C Sharp Minor Chords
G Sharp Minor Chords
D Sharp Minor Chords
A Sharp Minor Chords
D Minor Chords
G Minor Chords
C Minor Chords
F Minor Chords
B Flat Minor Chords
E Flat Minor Chords

Conclusion

Now you know how to find piano chords in the key of A flat minor, and you can use these chords to create chord progressions and play creatively!

Using chords to play the piano is a wonderful way to enjoy music!

You May Also Like…

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *